Community Coalition Against Mining Uranium (CCAMU)
Inquiry on the Impacts of the Uranium Cycle
EXTRACT FROM A PRESENTATION BY DR. LIU SHU-ZHENG
Jilin University (China)
Entitled "Radiation and Carcinogenisis - Threshold or no Threshold"
CNS SP Branch Meeting,
2007 May 29
CHERNOBYL: THE FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN|
The worst harm was caused not by radiation, but by radiophobia, and not to the flesh, but to the minds.
31 early deaths: counted per electricity units produced, (which is the only practical comparison), fatalities in Chernobyl were lower than from most other energy sources: three times lower than oil-fired power stations, 13 times lower than liquefied gas, and 15 times lower than hydroelectric stations. But the political, economic, social and psychological impact of Chernobyl was enormous.
The costs from western Europe probably exceed US$100 billion due to various meaningless restrictions.
The most nonsensical action, however, was the evacuation of 336,000 people from the contaminated regions of the former Soviet Union, where the radiation dose from Chernobyl fallout was about twice the natural dose.
Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection,
CHERNOBYL: FURTHER ANALYSIS
•In 2000 UNSCEAR and in 2006 also the UN Chernobyl Forum stated that, except for thyroid cancers, in the highly contaminated areas no increase in the incidence of solid cancers and leukemiawas observed.
•After the accident more than 90% of children in contaminated areas started to be tested for thyroid cancers every year. It is obvious that such vast screening resulted in finding the normally undetected occult thyroid cancers
•What is really surprising, however, is that data collected by UNSCEAR and the Forum show 15% to 30% fewer cancer deaths among the Chernobyl emergency workers and about 5% lower solid cancer incidence among the people in the Bryansk district (the most contaminated in Russia) versus the general population.
•UNSCEAR's sober conclusion: the people living in "contaminated regions of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine “need not live in fear of serious health consequences"
SOCIAL & ECONOMIC IMPACT
A 1000 megawatt coal-fired power plant
•8 million tons of carbon dioxide (global warming)
•100 thousand tons of sulfur dioxide (acid rain and respiratory problems)
•Nitrogen oxides equivalent to 200,000 automobiles
•1/4 million tons of ash containing enough uranium to make several A-bombs.
A nuclear reactor generating the same amount of electricity
•Two cubic meters of waste (sealed in containers and controlled, not dispersed into the environment; all waste from 40 years operation is stored at the plant).